June 01, 2021

It’s more than just synthetic grass.

Turf Types

Have you ever stood on artificial turf?

Did you ever think about what goes into the manufacturing of synthetic turf?

It’s okay if you haven’t. Most people probably haven’t.

But, if you’re interested to learn more, here’s a guide for you. Synthetic turf can be created with various elements such as polyester, nylon, or combinations of both.

Learn about the pros and cons of each type of fiber with our comparison guide.



  • While durability can be affected by denier and yarn composition, in direct comparison, nylon is usually stronger.


  • More susceptible to expansion and contraction.
  • Exposure to direct sunlight causes fading.



  • Not as vulnerable to expansion and contraction.
  • Polyester is less susceptible to UV than nylon.


  • Not as durable pound per pound than nylon.



  • Water-resistant properties.
  • Resistance to tearing.
  • Resists saltwater corrosion and mildew.


  • Nylon and Polyester are flammable. However, each responds differently to fire; nylon melts before it burns, polyester melts before it burns.

It’s Not Only About Fiber

There are numerous artificial grass companies out there pitching their products. But, we have a little secret to let you in on. One of the most critical elements of synthetic grass is not only the material the fiber (grass blades) is composed of. The turf is a whole system that needs to be done correctly for proper performance. The following are just a few components that will set apart a high-quality turf from a low-quality turf.


The backing is comprised of two layers and then a urethane coating is applied. These elements are important as they bind the fibers (grass blades) in place, allow water to drain, and stand up to abrasion from the base material.


Infill is an important piece. This adds time and labor but it’s the finishing touch that ensures your warranty is valid and your turf performs well. Infill provides ballast, which makes sure the turf is has no wrinkles and dimensionally solid. It adds additional protection to the yarn and backing, helps drainage, and ensures a proper footing.


Yarn fiber is comprised of resins made to solve the competing challenges of durability and softness. Fibers are available in numerous shades and combinations to allow you to see a variety of greens. Additionally, thatch may be added for further realism.

Artificial Turf Fibers

Keeping Things Cool with Science

One particular product we love is HydroChill™, our patented evaporative cooling technology.

Perspiring is a natural kind of thermoregulation called evaporative cooling. Evaporation of moisture from the surface of the skin provides a cooling effect. HydroChill™ has similarly been shown to cool synthetic turf surfaces with the same principle of evaporative cooling. As turf surfaces are heated by the sun’s radiation, moisture in the HydroChill™ turf is released. As the moisture evaporates, it gives a cooler, more comfortable surface for the players.

Synthetic Turf Evaporative Cooling 

An ordinary wet lawn will generate some cooling, but temperatures can rise quickly and can exceed uncomfortable levels of heat. In real-world applications, a HydroChill™ lawn can create a large temperature differential. HydroChill™ has achieved 30° to 50° lower surface temperatures, based on actual lab and outdoor thermocouple testing, versus a typical synthetic turf system.

Thermocouple Test Readings from Outdoor Synthetic Turf

Less Work. More Play.

Southwest Greens is not just a product but also a solution. A solution that requires notably less water each year, substantially reduces the impact on mother nature, and demands far less maintenance. All of which gives you the option of less work, more play.

See The Greens